Both alcohol abuse and drug abuse are commonplace among young adults, especially college students.
With recent data from The National Survey on Drug Use and Health showing that 28.5 million adults in the US have alcohol use disorder and 40 million have substance use disorder, addiction is a growing problem in the US.
How, then, do liquor and drugs impact the college experience for many?
Alcohol abuse among college students
For many people living away from home for the first time at college coincides with reaching the age where it is possible to legally consume alcohol.
Alcohol at college is not only socially acceptable but often encouraged, particularly among Greek life students. According to the Higher Education Center of the US Department of Education, sorority and fraternity members are more likely to binge drink alcohol.
From parties and functions to dorm rooms and bars, the influence of alcohol in college is inescapable.
Research shows that 80% of college students consume alcohol, with 50% of students engaging in binge drinking. Binge drinking is when a man consumes at least 5 standard drinks within 2 hours, or when a woman consumes at least 4 standard drinks in the same timeframe.
According to NIAAA (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism), 110,000 college students are arrested yearly for a range of alcohol-related incidents, including driving under the influence and assault. The same data shows that 1825 students die each year as a result of alcohol-related injuries.
Despite the social acceptance and prevalence of alcohol in college life, along with the often laid-back attitude toward alcohol abuse many students exhibit, heavy drinking or abusive drinking patterns at college can trigger ruinous consequences, both short-term and long-term, including:
- Legal issues
- Financial issues
- Academic underperformance
- Academic failure
- Alcohol poisoning
- Medical problems
- Alcohol use disorder
Alcohol might be legal and it might be a central feature of college for many, but it is not benign when abused.
How about drugs and college, then?
Drug abuse among college students
The drugs most college students abuse include:
- Adderall and other stimulants
- Opioids and other prescription painkillers
- MDMA and psychedelics
The abuse of marijuana is highest among those aged 21 to 22, meaning college students are in the demographic most likely to smoke weed.
Increasingly, marijuana users are vaping the drug rather than smoking it. Again, vape use is highest among those in their early 20s like college students.
As more states legalize marijuana, its availability on college campuses is likely to increase.
Adderall and other stimulants
Adderall and other stimulant medications typically used to treat ADHD (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) are often informally known as study drugs.
Despite students using Adderall in an effort to enhance focus and study ability, using this medication illicitly can be detrimental, possibly even leading to drug dependence and addiction.
Opioids and other prescription painkillers
Many young adults aged 18 to 25 abuse prescription painkillers, opioids in particular.
Unfortunately, opioids have a strong habit-forming potential, and abuse easily leads to addiction in the form of opioid use disorder.
Cocaine might be expensive, but it’s also one of the most commonly abused substances among college students seeking a good time.
MDMA and psychedelics
Molly (MDMA) is a club drug often used by college students.
Microdosing psychedelics and hallucinogens – using very small doses to get slight effects – is also common among college students seeking to escape from reality for a few hours. This practice has increased in colleges over recent years.
There are many reasons for such a prevalence of drug abuse among college students. Some of these include:
- High levels of stress concerning academic performance
- Easing feelings of tension or social anxiety
- Peer pressure, especially dominant in Greek life
- Family history of substance use disorders
- Poor academic performance triggering drug abuse
- Easy availability of drugs on campus
Just like alcohol abuse, drug abuse can lead to many negative outcomes, including:
- Engaging in dangerous or risky behaviors
- Impaired academic performance
- Social consequences (unraveled relationships and social isolation)
- Legal issues
- Health issues
- Development of substance use disorder
- Inflammation of any co-occurring mental health disorders
All colleges will have an addiction hotline to call if you run into any issues with alcohol or drug abuse, so don’t suffer in silence if you encounter any problems with substance use.